Inventory and its Types

What Is Inventory?

Inventory is the tracking of goods, components, and raw materials that a business either sells or utilizes for production. Inventory management is a tool that business owners use to make sure they have enough products on hand and to spot shortages.

Counting or cataloging items is referred to as taking an inventory. All items that are in various stages of manufacturing are inventory, or a current asset in accounting terms. By preserving stock, retailers and producers can continue to sell or produce goods. Although inventory is typically a sizable asset on the balance sheet for firms, having too much of it can become problematic. You will get to know more about inventory in more blogs from Vimpex Limited.

Read More: Importance of Supply Chain Management

What Is Inventory Management?

Inventory management allows businesses to choose which products to order when and in what quantities. Keep track of Inventory of goods acquisition through product sale. To guarantee that there is consistently enough inventory to fulfill customer orders and appropriate notification of a lack, the technique looks for patterns and reacts to them.

Inventory becomes a source of income after a sale. Even while inventory is there as an asset on the balance sheet, it requires cash up front. As a result, holding too much stock results in expenses and decreased cash flow.

Inventory turnover is one measure of effective inventory management. Inventory turnover is an accounting statistic that is helpful in tracking the frequency of stock sales over time. A company does not want to carry more inventory than sales. A lack of inventory turnover can result in deadstock, or unsold inventory. You can reach out to Vimpex Limited. For any kind of questions related to inventory management.

Why Is Inventory Management Important?

Inventory management is crucial to a company’s health since it decreases the risk of stockouts and erroneous records and helps to ensure that there is rarely too much or too little merchandise on hand.

Public firms must manage their inventory in accordance with the Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) Act and Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regulations. Businesses must document their management methods in order to show compliance.

Types of Inventory


Raw Materials:

The materials a business employs to produce and finish goods are raw materials. The raw components, such as the oil necessary to make shampoo, are often indistinguishable from their original forms when the product is final.


Components are similar to raw materials in that they are the materials that a company employs to build and finish items, but unlike raw materials, recognized components, like a screw, remain in the finished product.

Work In Progress (WIP):

WIP inventory stands for work in progress and comprises labor, overhead, raw materials or componentry, and even packing supplies.

Finished Goods:

Finished goods are products that are offered for sale.

Maintenance, Repair and Operations (MRO) Goods:

MRO is inventory that supports the production of a good or the upkeep of an enterprise, frequently in the form of supplies.

Packing and Packaging Materials: 

There are three types of packing materials. The principal packaging makes the product usable and safeguards it. Labels or SKU information may be present on the secondary packing, which is the packaging for the final good. Tertiary packing is bulk packaging for transportation.

Safety Stock and Anticipation Stock:

Safety stock is the additional inventory a business purchases and keeps on hand to handle unforeseen circumstances. Also similar to anticipation stock, anticipation stock consists of unfinished or finished goods. A company buys based on market and production trends. However a company might buy safety stock if the price of a raw material is increasing or if the peak selling season is about to start.

Decoupling Inventory:

The term “decoupling inventory” refers to excess products or work-in-progress (WIP) held at each station of the production line to avoid work halts. While all businesses may maintain safety stock, decoupling inventory is only applicable to businesses that produce things and is advantageous when different elements of the production line operate at different rates.

Cycle Inventory:

In order to get the proper amount of stock for the most affordable storage cost, businesses order cycle inventory in lots. The “Essential Guide to Inventory Planning” has more information on cycle inventory calculations.

Service Inventory:

In management accounting, service inventory refers to the total amount of services an organization may provide in a certain period of time. A hotel with 10 rooms, for instance, has a service inventory of 70 one-night stays each week.

Transit Inventory:

Transit inventory, often referred to as pipeline inventory, is stock that is being transported between the factory, warehouses, and distribution locations. Moving transit inventory between sites could take weeks.

Theoretical Inventory: 

The least quantity of stock a business needs to perform a task immediately is known as theoretical inventory, sometimes referred to as book inventory. Production and the food sector are the two main applications of theoretical inventory. It is calculated using the formula of actual versus theoretical.

Excess Inventory:

Excess inventory, often referred to as outdated inventory, is unsold or unused merchandise or raw materials. A business must pay to store even though it doesn’t anticipate to use or sell them.

What Can Inventory Tell You About a Business?

For any manufacturing or trading company, inventory is a crucial asset, thus it’s critical for business leaders to comprehend what it truly means. In addition to the general definition, some sectors of the economy, such as manufacturing and services, employ specialized definitions that take into account all of the assets specific to those sectors. Also business owners can better understand how their inventory is serving them by understanding the many forms of inventory, including those that aren’t directly used in accounting. Check out more blogs from Vimpex Limited. You will receive a fast summary of the inventory management process if you’d want to learn more about it.


What four sorts of inventory are there?

There are four basic categories of inventory: finished items, MRO, WIP, and raw materials/components. However, some individuals only acknowledge the first three forms of inventory, excluding MRO. However making wise financial and production planning decisions requires an understanding of the many forms of inventory.

How to manage inventories?

Making sure your company has the appropriate amount of inventory to meet client demand is known as inventory control, also known as stock control. Hence this typically calls for inventory management software and supply chain management (SCM) software that incorporates information from orders, reorders, shipping, receiving, warehousing, storage, loss prevention, and even customer satisfaction.

What is a record of inventory?

However an inventory record, often known as a stock record, provides information about the products that a company keeps in stock. Also it includes the quantity of inventory on hand, what has been sold and ordered again, what is currently on order, the price of the product, and where it is kept. Hence to help with inventory control and maintain accurate balance sheets, it’s crucial to have accurate inventory records.